Tactile textures must be experienced intimately. In the gradual process of families improving their immediate environment, useful tree and vine species were identified, protected, and improved while undesirable species were eliminated.
Traditional Chinese gardens are also more likely to treat the plants in a naturalistic way, while traditional Japanese gardens might feature plants sheared into mountain shapes. In most gardens flowers were grown, sometimes in great numbers and variety, but flower gardens in the modern sense were limited to cottages, to small town gardens, and to relatively small enclosures within larger gardens.
However, in the New Kingdom they were often surrounded by walls and their purpose incorporated pleasure and beauty besides utility. And the overall size of the seat, in proportionate relation to walk width, arbor height, lawn area, tree size, and so on, helps to determine the scale of the garden.
Garden furniture Garden furniture may range from a patio set consisting of a tablefour or six chairs and a parasolthrough benches, swings, various lighting, to stunning artifacts in brutal concrete or weathered oak.
Texture Texture—the smoothness or roughness of surfaces—is another element of landscape design.
The most obvious examples of balance are the symmetrical axial Renaissance gardens of Europe, but these are not the only or even the most interesting ways to achieve balance. Distinctively French was the unified and elaborate treatment of the compartmentalized garden beds, which the Italians had made in a variety of forms.
Such gardens were intended not for displays of wealth and magnificence to impress the multitude but for the delectation of the owner, who felt his own character enhanced by his capacity for refined sensation and sensitive perception and who chose friends to share these pleasures with the same discernment as he had exercised in planning his garden.
Using the medicinal herbs they grew, monks treated those suffering inside the monastery and in surrounding communities. Scent Scent is a delicate and subtle element in landscape experience, often lost to individuals in modern times because of widespread pollution of the air with foul-smelling exhaust and industrial waste gases.
Gardens designed for public access need to cope with heavier foot traffic and hence may utilise surfaces — such as resin-bonded gravel — that are rarely used in private gardens.
Under natural conditions water runs downhill through naturally formed channels and collects in low spots or bowls of firm form. A third type of Greek garden was the sacred landscape, such as the Vale of Tempe or the mountain sanctuary of Delphi.
The eclecticism of the 19th century was universal in the Western world. The most sophisticated gardening during the Middle Ages was done at the monasteries.
Unlike historical European gardens, which seemed carved or re-ordered from within their existing landscapePersian gardens appeared as impossibilities. Chinese and Japanese gardens[ edit ] Rock sculpture from the 'Lingering Garden' of SuzhouChina Both Chinese and Japanese garden design traditionally is intended to evoke the natural landscape of mountains and rivers.
It is truly a cultural and architectural history – not just a history of landscape design.
You can turn to any page and learn so much, even about things you may already know something about. The author is a master at bringing to bear culture, philosophy, religion, art, literature, and technology to each topic/5(35).
Garden construction and design was a primary precursor to landscape architecture, and it began in West Asia, eventually spreading westward into Greece, Spain, Germany, France, Britain, etc.
The modern words of "garden" and "yard" are descendants of the Old.
Pages in category "Landscape design history" The following pages are in this category, out of total. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Art History, the history of architecture and landscape architecture, the history of garden design and the required readings of Genius Loci and the like.
While I enjoyed the classes, I never really made any connection to my future career in landscape design. Kirk Johnson has explained how the formal landscape design style finally met its match with the rise in the 18th century of English landscape garden design (although the two movements shared a love for the green tapestry made possible by lawn grass).
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